Alloy steels are designated by AISI four digit numbers. They are more responsive to mechanical and heat treatments than carbon steels. They comprise different types of steels with compositions which exceed the limitations of B, C, Mn, Mo, Ni, Si, Cr and Va in the carbon steels.
AISI 4130 alloy steel contains chromium and molybdenum as strengthening agents. It has low carbon content, and hence it can be welded easily. The datasheet given below provides more details about AISI 4130 alloy steel.
The chemical composition of AISI 4130 alloy steel is listed in the following table.
|Iron, Fe||97.03� 98.22|
|Chromium, Cr||0.80� 1.10|
|Manganese, Mn||0.40� 0.60|
|Carbon, C||0.280� 0.330|
|Silicon, Si||0.15� 0.30|
|Molybdenum, Mo||0.15� 0.25|
The following table shows the physical properties of AISI 4130 alloy steel.
|Density||7.85 g/cm3||0.284 lb/in3|
The mechanical properties of AISI 4130 alloy steel are outlined in the following table.
|Tensile strength, ultimate||560 MPa||81200 psi|
|Tensile strength, yield||460 MPa||66700 psi|
|Modulus of elasticity||190-210 GPa||27557-30458 ksi|
|Bulk modulus (Typical for steel)||140 GPa||20300 ksi|
|Shear modulus (Typical for steel)||80 GPa||11600 ksi|
|Elongation at break (in 50 mm)||21.50%||21.50%|
|Reduction of area||59.6||59.60%|
|Hardness, Knoop (Converted from Brinell hardness)||240||240|
|Hardness, Rockwell B (Converted from Brinell hardness)||95||95|
|Hardness, Rockwell C||17||17|
|Hardness, Vickers (Converted from Brinell hardness)||228||228|
The thermal properties of AISI 4130 alloy steel are outlined in the following table.
|Thermal conductivity (100�C)||42.7 W/mK||296 BTU in/hr.ft2. �F|
Other designations that are equivalent to AISI 4130 alloy steel include the following.
|AMS 6348||AMS 6371||ASTM A331||ASTM A829||DIN 1.7218|
|AMS 6350||AMS 6373||ASTM A506||MIL S-18729||UNI 25 CrMo 4|
|AMS 6351||AMS 6374||ASTM A507||MIL S-6758||JIS SCCrM 1|
|AMS 6360||AMS 6528||ASTM A513||SAE J1397||JIS SCM 2|
|AMS 6361||AMS 7496||ASTM A519||SAE J404||SS 2225|
|AMS 6362||ASTM A29||ASTM A646||SAE J412||B.S. CDS 110|
|AMS 6370||ASTM A322||ASTM A752||AFNOR 25 CD 4 (S)||SAE J770|
Fabrication and Heat Treatment
AISI 4130 steel can be easily machined using conventional methods. However, machining becomes difficult when the hardness of the steel is increased.
Forming of AISI 4130 steel can be performed in the annealed condition.
Welding of AISI 4130 steel can be performed by all commercial methods.
AISI 4130 steel is heated at 871°C (1600°F) and then quenched in oil. This steel is usually heat-treated at temperatures ranging from 899 to 927°C (1650 to 1700°F).
Forging of AISI 4130 steel can be performed can be performed at 954 to 1204°C (1750 to 2200°F).
Hot working of AISI 4130 steel can be done at 816 to 1093°C (1500 to 2000°F).
AISI 4130 steel can be cold worked using conventional methods.
AISI 4130 steel can be annealed at 843°C (1550°F) followed by air cooling at 482°C (900°F).
Tempering of AISI 4130 steel can be performed at 399 to 566°C (750 to 1050°F), depending on the desired strength level.
Hardening of AISI 4130 steel can be done with cold working or heat treatment.
The following are some of the major applications of AISI 4130 alloy steel:
Aircraft engine mounts
Source - www.azom.com