Siemens AG, Diamond Aircraft and EADS are set to present the world's first aircraft with a serial hybrid electric drive system at the Paris Air Show Le Bourget 2011.
The two seater motor glider successfully completed its maiden flight on June 8 at the Wiener Neustadt airfield in Vienna, Austria. The aircraft was built by the three partners to test the hybrid electric drive concept.
In the future, the technology, which is intended for later use also in large scale aircraft, will cut fuel consumption and emissions by 25% compared to today's most efficient aircraft drives.
The world’s first series hybrid electric plane DA36 E-Star
Electromobility is now making inroads into the world of aircraft. The technology of the series hybrid electric drive is scalable and will be used in small and medium-sized aircraft and, in the medium term, larger planes. It will make aviation greener.
Air traffic accounts for some 2.2% of CO2 emissions worldwide. For this reason, aircraft, too, must become more efficient. One possible solution which Siemens and its partners Diamond Aircraft and EADS are testing in the DA36 E-Star motor glider is to electrify the drive system.
Dr Frank Anton the initiator of electric aircraft development at Siemens said that "A serial hybrid electric drive can be scaled for a wide range of uses, making it highly suitable for aircraft as well. The first thing we want to do is test the technology in small aircraft. In the long term, however, the drive system will also be used in large scale aircraft. We want to cut fuel consumption and emissions by 25%, compared to today's most efficient technologies. This will make air travel more sustainable."
The motor glider, which is based on Diamond Aircraft's HK36 Super Dimona, is the only aircraft of its kind in the world. It is the first to use a so-called serial hybrid electric drive, which has been utilized to date only in cars, as an integrated drive train. The plane's propeller is powered by a 70kW electric motor from Siemens. Electricity is supplied by a small Wankel engine from Austro Engine with a generator that functions solely as a power source. A Siemens converter supplies the electric motor with power from the battery and the generator. Fuel consumption is very low since the combustion engine always runs with a constant low output of 30kW. A battery system from EADS provides the increased power required during takeoff and climb. The accumulator is recharged during the cruising phase.