Toyota Fuel Cell EV Mobile Clinic for Japanese Red Cross
Japanese Red Cross Kumamoto Hospital and Toyota Motor Corporation have agreed to begin demonstration testing of the world’s first Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle mobile clinic that uses hydrogen to generate electricity, by the summer of 2021. The organizations aim to use this demonstration testing to confirm the effectiveness of a commercial fuel cell electric vehicle in areas of medicine and disaster countermeasures, and to achieve carbon neutrality. By building an operational model of an FCEV mobile clinic for utilization during normal times and times of disaster, they will also contribute to the reduction of CO2 emissions to help prevent global warming.
Toyota has developed the FCEV mobile clinic based on its Coaster minibus, with the power source using the Toyota fuel cell system*2 employed by the “Mirai” FCEV. On the road, it exhibits a superior environmental performance with no CO2 emissions or substances of concern , while offering a low-noise, low-vibration driving experience.
With multiple 100 VAC accessory power outlets supplied not only inside the vehicle but also outside the cabin, the vehicle is able to supply electricity to a variety of electrical products. It is also equipped with an external DC electric power supply system that delivers a high-output, large-capacity supply of power (9 kW max output, approx. 90 kWh supply capacity). Inside, the vehicle combines air conditioning with an exhaust system and HEPA filter*4 to improve infection control for occupants when working.
Typhoons, heavy rains and other natural disasters have increased in frequency over recent years, causing not only power outages for homes and evacuation centers, but also increasing the need for medical services in disaster-affected areas. In light of this, Toyota has been working with Japanese Red Cross Kumamoto Hospital since around the summer of 2020 to look into how these issues could be addressed. As a result, the two organizations have agreed to contribute to solving issues associated with natural disasters. This would be achieved with an FCEV mobile clinic that could be used to deliver medical services during normal times, and could also be used to support disaster relief efforts during times of disaster, while supplying electricity in disaster-affected areas as part of a disaster response.