India: Green Hydrogen Adoption: Current Status, Future Projections

The Indian government's update on green hydrogen adoption reveals ongoing initiatives such as blending hydrogen in gas networks and
HydrogenImage Source: SteelGuru


The Indian government's update on green hydrogen adoption reveals ongoing initiatives such as blending hydrogen in gas networks and developing hydrogen-fueled vehicles. Despite its nascent stage, these projects lay the groundwork for job creation, reduced reliance on fossil fuels, and potential export growth. The National Green Hydrogen Mission aims to establish India as a global hub for green hydrogen production.



The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy in India has presented an update on the country's progress in adopting green hydrogen. The National Green Hydrogen Mission, sanctioned with an allocation of ₹19,744 crore, aims to position India as a leader in green hydrogen production, usage, and exportation.

Current endeavors in the adoption of green hydrogen include GAIL Limited's pioneering project of blending hydrogen into city gas distribution networks. Avantika Gas Limited (AGL) in Indore, Madhya Pradesh, is blending 2% hydrogen in CNG networks and 5% in PNG networks, setting a significant milestone in hydrogen integration.

NTPC Limited has embarked on blending green hydrogen up to 8% in the PNG Network at NTPC Kawas Township, Surat, Gujarat, since January 2023. Additionally, various public sector undertakings (PSUs) have initiated projects like hydrogen-based Fuel-Cell Electric Vehicle (FCEV) buses and hydrogen fuel cell development.

Moreover, multiple entities have announced plans to establish green hydrogen and green ammonia production facilities across India. These initiatives mark a significant step towards the country's green energy transition.

While these projects are in their infancy, their cumulative impact on job creation, reduced dependency on oil imports, and export potential has been limited. However, the National Green Hydrogen Mission targets substantial outcomes by 2030.

The mission aims to achieve a green hydrogen production capacity of 5 MMT per annum by 2030, significantly reducing fossil fuel imports and generating over ₹8 lakh crore in investments, leading to the creation of approximately 6 lakh jobs.

Under the Strategic Interventions for Green Hydrogen Transition (SIGHT) scheme, initiatives are underway to select green hydrogen producers to establish production facilities, setting a progressive tone for India's green hydrogen future.


India's stride towards adopting green hydrogen showcases promising initiatives that set the stage for a substantial transformation in the energy sector. While in the nascent phase, these endeavors under the National Green Hydrogen Mission lay the foundation for significant job creation, decreased reliance on fossil fuels, and a prospective surge in exports.

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