CCS, EAA, ITOCHU & Nippon Steel Start CO2 Ship Transportation R&D
Japan CCS Co Ltd, Engineering Advancement Association of Japan, ITOCHU Corporation and Nippon Steel Corporation have jointly applied as a consortium for CCUS R&D and Demonstration Related Projects, which was publicly announced by the New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization and have been awarded the contract Research, Development and Demonstration Projects on CO2 Ship Transportation. With a view towards the social implementation of CCUS around 2030, the consortium will jointly conduct research and development of transportation technology regarding the transportation of CO2 from emission sources to utilization/storage points at a scale of 1 million tonnes per year, which will lead to long-distance/mass transportation of CCb and cost reduction and will also aim to establish ship transportation technology for liquefied CO2 through demonstration and related surveys. Through this research and development, JCCS, ENAA, ITOCHU and NIPPON STEEL aim to contribute to a sustainable decarbonized society through the realization of the social implementation of CCUS.
Specifically, the consortium will engage in the following research and development, demonstration, and surveys.
(1) Research and development to establish ship transportation technology for liquefied C02 (JCCS, ENAA)
The consortium aims to establish technology for storing and transporting liquefied CO2 which is the key to realizing mass transportation of CO2. In particular, the ensurance of safety including the control of dry ice formation is an important issue for research and development. Also, the consortium will proceed preparations for the social implementation of liquefied CO2 ship transportation such as engaging in the basic design of ships and formulation of international rules.
(2) Demonstration of CO2 ship transportation at a scale of 10,000 tonnes per year (JCCS, ENAA)
In order to consider the technical issues identified in through demonstration, a demonstration vessel capable for transporting about 1,000 tons of liquefied CO2 will be prepared and operated in about 10 voyages per year. Regarding the onshore facilities for the demonstration, the consortium plans to set up a shipping terminal in Maizuru (premises of Kansai Electric Power Co., Inc. power plant) and a receiving terminal in Tomakomai.
(3) Study of ship transportation business models for the purpose of CCUS (ITOCHU, NIPPON STEEL)
Aiming to realize the CO2 collection and transportation business, the consortium will conduct a study on business models regarding CO2 transportation from various mass CO2 emission sources in Japan, including the steel industry.
Research and development on specific issues will be conducted together with subcontractors Mitsui OSK Lines, Kawasaki Kisen Kaisha Ltd, Nippon Gas Line Co Ltd, Ochanomizu University and one other company
CCUS is an acronym for Carbon dioxide Capture, Utilization and Storage, and is a technology that can contribute to the reduction of carbon dioxide emissions by effectively using CO2 as a resource and storing it underground.