portfolio, the company has completely eliminated fluorine-based gas mixtures, F gases, while retaining the compact design and safe, proven operation. An innovative load-break switch equipped with a special vacuum interrupter is the new centerpiece for F gas free medium voltage applications in secondary distribution grids from 12 to 24 kV.
All switching operations, such as turning off medium-voltage systems for maintenance, produce arcs that must be quenched as quickly as possible. In its F-gas-free medium-voltage systems, Siemens relies on millionfold proven vacuum technology where the arc is quenched in a sealed vacuum interrupter. This core technology has been used in premium vacuum circuit breakers for 40 years. For systems of the secondary distribution grid level that distribute power in the local grid and mostly only handle load switching tasks, the conventional circuit breakers in use are typically oversized and cost-intensive.
In the new and innovative load-break switches, the vacuum interrupters have the task to quench the arc within a few milliseconds. For this purpose, they are integrated into a separate current path and can be kept extremely compact. Furthermore, a new load-break switch has been developed which is a true three-position switch. The proven principal of the switch-off, disconnect and earthing functions used in SF6 load-break switchgear is continued. As a result, the safe user operation remains unchanged for the Siemens F-gas-free systems.
This new and innovative load-break switch with a vacuum tube is also available in combinations matching it with fuses, using F-gas-free technology. This allows the many transformers in secondary distribution grids to be protected with fuses as usual.