ArcelorMittal Belgium: Torero: Steel's Green Evolution

ArcelorMittalImage Source: ArcelorMittal


ArcelorMittal Belgium introduced the Torero plant, a pioneering €35 million venture in Gent, transforming waste wood into bio-coal. This innovation reduced carbon emissions by 112,500 metric tons annually and marked a significant step towards sustainability in steelmaking.


In December 2023, ArcelorMittal Belgium unveiled the Torero plant in Gent, a groundbreaking facility valued at €35 million. Torero revolutionized the European steel industry by converting waste wood into bio-coal, tailored for ArcelorMittal's Gent site blast furnace. On December 18, Torero's bio-coal integration commenced, promising a substantial annual reduction of 112,500 metric tons in carbon emissions, a leap toward reducing fossil coal dependency. With the capacity to convert 88,000 metric tons of waste wood into 37,500 metric tons of bio-coal annually, Torero signifies a transformative shift in industrial sustainability.

Beyond coal transformation, bio-coal usage in the blast furnace generated bio-gas. This byproduct underwent a groundbreaking transformation at ArcelorMittal Gent’s Steelanol facility, Europe's first carbon capture and utilization (CCU) project. The industrial-scale ethanol production at Steelanol marked a pivotal milestone, positioning ethanol as a versatile raw material for diverse chemical products, advancing the chemical sector's decarbonization efforts.

Torero's success was rooted in a collaborative consortium supported by Horizon 2020 funding. ArcelorMittal, along with esteemed research entities like Joanneum Research, University of Graz, and Chalmers Technical University, joined forces with technological prowess from Perpetual Next to drive this monumental project.

The Torero project not only spurred innovation but also bolstered employment. Its construction phase, initiated in 2018, created 70 external job positions. With Torero fully operational, ArcelorMittal Belgium offered 16 new permanent direct employment opportunities, contributing to the local economy.

Amidst this venture, ArcelorMittal Europe remained steadfast in its environmental commitment, aiming to reduce CO₂ emissions by 35% by 2030 and achieve carbon neutrality by 2050. Torero's unveiling represented not just a milestone but a testament to unwavering dedication to a sustainable future.


The inauguration of Torero by ArcelorMittal Belgium symbolizes a revolutionary shift in steelmaking sustainability. With its bio-coal innovation and downstream applications, Torero embodies the industry's commitment to environmental consciousness, heralding a promising future for a greener steel landscape.

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