ArcelorMittal Investing in Green Steel Production in Germany
ArcelorMittal is taking the next steps for the industrial production of carbon neutral steel. The group has set itself the goal of reducing CO 2 emissions in
ArcelorMittal is taking the next steps for the industrial production of carbon neutral steel. The group has set itself the goal of reducing CO 2 emissions in Europe by 30 percent by 2030 and producing climate-neutrally by 2050. To this end, ArcelorMittal is pursuing a global strategy, on the one hand using smart carbon technologies in the blast furnace process and on the other hand using innovative DRI technologies in combination with an electric arc furnace. In Germany, the group already operates a plant in Hamburg with a DRI system and electric arc furnace, which is preparing to switch to the use of hydrogen. With the planned expansion of the hydrogen infrastructure in Germany, ArcelorMittal intends to build a large-scale industrial plant for the direct reduction of iron in Bremen and an innovative DRI pilot plant in Eisenhüttenstadt in combination with electric arc furnaces by 2026.
Using green hydrogen, a capacity of up to 3.5 million tonnes of steel will then be produced with significantly fewer CO2 emissions. Depending on the amount of hydrogen available, CO2-Savings of more than 5 million tonnes compared to the current blast furnace route are made possible. The change in technology requires investments in the billions and causes significantly higher production costs. This year, the two blast furnaces at the sites will be converted to inject natural gas and thus the CO 2 in 2021-Emissions is already being reduced further. Then DRI systems are to be set up at both locations. In Bremen, ArcelorMittal wants to use natural gas and later hydrogen from electrolysis in the transition phase, which is to be made available as part of the regional North German Clean Hydrogen Coastline network. This sponge iron will initially supply the steelworks in Bremen and Eisenhüttenstadt until the regional hydrogen cluster in East Brandenburg can also supply the Eisenhüttenstadt site with sufficient hydrogen for steel production. In the transition phase, the additional hydrogen required in Eisenhüttenstadt is to be generated from natural gas with the help of a pyrolysis plant that is being built on the factory premises.
With a production volume of around 8 million tonnes of crude steel, ArcelorMittal is one of the largest steel manufacturers in Germany. The company operates four large production sites in Germany. This includes two integrated flat steel plants in Bremen and Eisenhüttenstadt as well as two long steel plants in Hamburg and Duisburg. With ArcelorMittal Construction in Sandersdorf / Brehna, the group also maintains a production site with sales for sandwich panels as well as profiling systems for cassette, trapezoidal, support, design and corrugated profiles. In addition, the group has a well-developed sales network in Germany with four steel service centers and ten steel trading locations.