Baowu China
Baowu ChinaImage Source: Baowu

Baosteel's Profit Dips Amid Output Surge


Chinese steel company Baosteel reported an 11.76% decrease in net profit for the first nine months of 2023, even as crude steel output rose by 5.5%. The company had an operating revenue of $35.5 billion, marking an 8.35% drop year on year. Despite this, steel production and sales saw growth.


Baoshan Iron & Steel Co., Ltd (Baosteel), a major player in China's steel industry, recently released its financial report for January-September 2023. According to the report, Baosteel saw its operating revenue fall to $35.5 billion, a decline of 8.35% compared to the same period last year. Meanwhile, the company's net profit also took a hit, dropping 11.76% year on year to $1.2 billion.

Despite these financial setbacks, Baosteel’s production metrics tell a different story. During the same nine-month period, the company produced 37.026 million metric tons of pig iron and 39.816 million metric tons of crude steel. These figures represent increases of 6.2% and 5.5%, respectively, year on year. The company also saw its finished steel sales rise by 4.9%, totaling 38.968 million metric tons.

The third quarter of 2023 also offered mixed signals. Baosteel reported an operating revenue of $11.9 billion, down 9.97% year on year. Surprisingly, the net profit for this quarter stood at $0.53 billion, marking a sharp increase of 127.1% compared to the same period last year. Production of pig iron and crude steel went up by 8.4% and 10.8% respectively, while finished steel sales rose by a modest 2.7%.

These contradictory trends, rising production and sales alongside falling profits and revenues, raise questions about Baosteel's overall strategy and market conditions. One possibility is that the company is grappling with increased operational costs or reduced pricing power in a competitive market.

Whatever the underlying reasons, these financial figures serve as an important indicator of challenges facing not just Baosteel but the steel industry at large. Increased production does not necessarily equate to higher profits, particularly if costs are escalating or market conditions are unfavorable.

The fact that Baosteel, a subsidiary of state-owned China Baowu Group, is facing such fluctuations suggests that even industry giants are not immune to market volatilities. This serves as a wake-up call for the industry to examine the factors affecting profitability closely, even when production metrics seem favorable.


Baosteel's mixed financial performance in the first nine months of 2023 highlights the complex landscape of the steel industry. While production and sales have seen growth, this has not translated into increased profits or revenue. The situation demands a closer look into the operational strategies and market dynamics influencing one of China’s steel behemoths.

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