India’s Centre for Science and Environment Director General Ms Sunita Narain, while addressing a workshop “Decarbonizing India’s Iron and Steel Sector by 2030 and Beyond”, said that “The iron and steel industry is an emission-intensive sector. Our new analysis shows it is possible to bring down carbon dioxide emissions from our iron and steel sector drastically by 2030, while more than doubling India’s output of steel. We can emit even less than what we do today. But this will need planning, technology and adequate funds.”The workshop discussions were based on CSE’s latest report on the subject “Decarbonizing India: Iron and Steel Sector”, which gives detailed insights into GHG emissions from the sector and its future emission scenarios for 2030. The workshop navigated the issues of fuel shift, low carbon technology, energy efficiency, increasing generation and usage of steel scrap and carbon capture utilization and storage for the Indian iron and steel sector. The speakers and participants included officials from Steel Ministry, Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change, World Steel Association and some top industry representatives.Giving CSE’s opening presentation, CSE’s Program Manager Industrial Pollution Mr Parth Kumar said “Countries like India need to grow and develop at a time when the world is running out of carbon budget to stay below the guardrail of 1.5 degree Celsius temperature rise. Given the conundrum, the crucial question that we should all ask is how can India ensure the double benefits of reduced emissions and growth? While energy efficiency is a significant low hanging fruit for Decarbonisation, we recommend a fuel shift to alternate cleaner fuels for reducing carbon emissions from the sector. The challenge that lies ahead for us is to make cleaner fuels affordable and available.”CSE’s recommendations for the sector1. Switch over to cleaner fuels – In the case of BF-BOF, the use of natural-gas injection or hydrogen to reduce the use of coal is recommended, along with shifting from coal-based DRI to gas-based completely which would have the possibility to further transform to hydrogen-based DRI production.2. Increase scrap use – Better implementation of vehicular and steel scrap policies to generate more scrap along with increasing the amount of recycled steel in production to its optimum in both production technologies.3. Implement carbon capture utilization and storage in the BF-BOF route to bring down coal-based emissions.4. Organize the finance – A switchover to new fuels and technologies would require finance. The government and steel industry should work towards a combined proposal for international climate finance.