Energiron DRI Technology Can Help India Reduce CO2 Emissions
In 2006, two Italian companies Danieli & C Officine Meccaniche SpA and Tenova SpA came up with a revolutionary green' method to produce steel, which can reduce carbon emissions by 50%. The two companies combined their technology and know how to design and construct gas based DRI plants, which are being offered worldwide under the Energiron trademark. They are now looking to increase their presence in the Indian market, where coal has been the primary reducing agent. With this technology, Danieli hopes to help India make green steel by using reducing sources cleaner than coal and capturing at least 60% of the carbon dioxide emission that can be commercialised as a by-product for different industries.
Danieli & C Senior Manager Sales Mr Dario Pauluzzi spoke to Moneycontrol about the Energiron technology and the company’s plans in India. He told “There are a number of reasons that make us believe that this technology can bring added value also to the Indian steel industry. India is one of the most important producers of Direct Reduced Iron, with a large number of coal-based rotary kilns in operation and some gas-based shaft furnaces. The Energiron process will be able to significantly add value to the local DRI and steel industry by producing DRI of quality far superior to the ones made by rotary kilns.”
He said “India is a large country with very heterogeneous conditions and requirements at each production site and the Energiron process enables the use of a wide range of iron oxides and reducing gases while maintaining the original process scheme. This flexibility can be of strategic importance to fit all these diverse requirements of the Indian steel industry. With the same plant configuration, the Energiron process can operate using not only natural gas but also coke oven gas, syngas, and hydrogen, in any mixture. And the use of all these reducing gases is extremely efficient, enabling minimised consumption and reduced CO2 emissions. Further, by replacing existing coal-based reduction facilities with a modern and efficient gas-based direct reduction technology such as Energiron, India will be able to drastically reduce CO2 emissions while increasing plant availability and DRI quality.”
It has been a while since Danieli has been promoting the Energiron green steel technology jointly developed by Danieli and Tenova around the globe. Standard Energiron modules are available with capacity ranging from 200,000 to 2,500,000 tonnes of DRI per year. DRI can be produced in any of its forms: Hot DRI, Cold DRI or HBI, with metallisation greater than 94% and with any carbon content in the range from 1.5 to 4.5%.