The EU announced on 7 April 2022 decision to impose a definitive anti-dumping duty on graphite electrode systems originating in China. These measures follow an investigation which showed that Chinese graphite electrodes were being sold in the EU at significantly dumped prices. EU producers of graphite electrodes were unable to compete with such prices and suffered injury as a result. The measures undertaken by the European Commission protect EU producers from such unfair trade practices. The definitive dumping margin ranges from 23.0% to 74.9%, depending on companies. The period of investigation was from January 1, 2020 to December 30, 2020, and the injury assessment period was from January 1, 2017 to the end of the investigation period.The original AD investigation was launched on 17 February 2021 based on the application filed by Graphite Cova GmbH, Showa Denko Carbon Holding GmbH, and Tokai Erftcarbon GmbH on 4 January 2021. An affirmative preliminary ruling was made on 15 October 2021.Graphite electrodes are used in steel production and are an essential component for the world's recycling industry, since they are the only product that can conduct the power and withstand the heat necessary to melt scrap metal. The EU market for graphite electrodes is worth EUR 765 million. The products involved are classified under CN code ex 8545 11 00 (TARIC codes 8545 11 00 10 and 8545 11 00 15).At the same time, the EU measures are mindful of the needs of EU users of graphite electrodes. Certain types of graphite electrodes – currently produced in very small quantities in the European Union – are excluded from the measures and thus their stable supply remains guaranteed.