The European Commission has initiated an antidumping duty investigation against non-alloy flat steel bars from Turkey and China. The investigation will cover the period between 1 October 2021 and 30 September 2022. The examination of trends relevant for the assessment of injury will cover the period from 1 January 2019, to the end of the investigation period. The provisional measures are expected to be announced within seven months. The products subject to antidumping duty investigation are non-alloy steel flat bars in a range up to 204 mm in width and currently fall under Customs Tariff Statistics Position Number 7216.50.91. The complaint was made on behalf of the following Union producers: ArcelorMittal Atlantique et Lorraine France, ArcelorMittal Etxebarri Spain and ThyssenKrupp Rasselstein Germany, allegedly representing 100 % of the Union industry. In the course of the investigation, it came to the Commission’s attention the existence of an additional Union producer of ECCS, namely Acciaierie d’Italia. Since the complainants nonetheless represented 85-95% of the production and sales of the Union industry, the complaint was considered to have been made by the Union industry in accordance with Article 5(4) of the basic Regulation.