Green Steel Revolution:India's Ambitious Metamorphosis

Scrap Steel
Scrap SteelImage Source: Oreaco


India sets sights on a revolutionary shift in steel production, targeting 50% scrap utilization by 2047. Steel Minister Jyotiraditya Scindia unveils the ambitious plan at the 11th International Material Recycling Conference. With an annual production of 25 million metric tons of scrap, of which five million tons are imported, India seeks to reduce emissions in its steel sector, notorious for a CO₂ intensity of 2.55 per tonne. The minister advocates for advanced recycling centers to propel the nation toward a greener and more sustainable future.


In a groundbreaking announcement at the 11th International Material Recycling Conference in Kolkata, India's Steel Minister, Jyotiraditya Scindia, outlined an ambitious vision for the country's steel industry. The plan revolves around a paradigm shift, with a target to achieve 50% scrap utilization in steelmaking by 2047.

Currently, India produces a staggering 25 million metric tons of scrap annually, with an additional five million tons imported. However, only 30-35% of the nation's total steel production incorporates scrap. Minister Scindia aims to flip this equation, emphasizing the environmental benefits of moving towards a more sustainable and eco-friendly steel manufacturing process.

India's steel sector has long been recognized as a challenging one to reform, bearing an emissions intensity of 2.55 tonnes of CO₂ per tonne of crude steel produced. To tackle this, Minister Scindia envisions the establishment of a comprehensive network of advanced recycling centers. These centers would not only contribute to meeting the ambitious scrap utilization goals but also elevate the industry's overall efficiency and environmental performance.

The minister's announcement signifies a strategic commitment to transitioning from conventional steelmaking methods reliant on iron ore to a more circular and eco-conscious approach. By integrating a higher percentage of scrap into the steel production process, India aims to reduce its carbon footprint and contribute to a global movement toward sustainable metallurgy.

As the nation stands at the forefront of this metallurgical revolution, the plan aligns with global efforts to foster a green and environmentally responsible steel industry. The potential positive impacts extend beyond emissions reduction, as scrap by-products have proven effective and valuable in various applications, including cement manufacturing, road construction, and agriculture in other countries.


India's bold vision for a 'Green Steel Revolution' reflects a determination to reshape its steel industry's future. Minister Scindia's commitment to achieving 50% scrap utilization signals a significant step towards a more sustainable and environmentally friendly metallurgical landscape. As India embarks on this transformative journey, the establishment of advanced recycling centers emerges as a key strategy to navigate the challenges of a hard-to-abate sector and usher in a new era of green steel production.

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