India's Steel Export Relief Amidst EU Carbon Tax

CBAMImage Source: SteelGuru


The Indian government is strategizing measures to aid domestic steel exporters grappling with the EU's proposed carbon border adjustment mechanism (CBAM). The aim is to cushion the impact on costs and ensure competitiveness in the European market. Discussions are ongoing to devise WTO-compliant tools to offset these escalated expenses.


The Indian government is actively addressing the implications of the EU's carbon border adjustment mechanism (CBAM) on its steel exports to the European Union. With this mechanism, Indian steel exporters face higher costs, prompting the government to devise a strategic response. Sources indicate that a framework is in progress to alleviate these financial burdens on exporters while ensuring the continued viability of steel exports in this pivotal market.

The focus remains on identifying viable tools to mitigate the escalated expenses incurred due to the CBAM. These initiatives aim not only to counterbalance the increased costs but also to maintain India's competitiveness in the European steel market. This concerted effort includes extensive consultations and thorough studies to devise a mechanism that adheres to WTO regulations while providing relief to the affected exporters.

The EU has already initiated the CBAM, incorporating carbon emissions reporting requirements for imports at its borders starting from October 1, 2023. However, the actual imposition of taxes is scheduled to commence in 2026, designating the period from 2023 to 2026 as a transitional phase. This transitional duration poses critical challenges for Indian steel exporters, necessitating urgent measures to mitigate financial repercussions.

India has taken a stand against the carbon tax at the World Trade Organization (WTO), citing violations of the special and differential treatment (SNDT) provisions. These provisions advocate extended timelines for implementing agreements, particularly for developing nations, safeguarding their trade interests.


India's pursuit of relief mechanisms for steel exporters grappling with the EU's proposed carbon tax is a critical step in safeguarding its trade interests. The ongoing discussions to alleviate the financial strain and ensure WTO compliance signify India's commitment to preserving its competitive edge in the European steel market. As the WTO challenge continues, the nation remains steadfast in advocating for fair trade practices that protect the interests of developing countries.

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