Indonesia's Steel Trade Alters Global Dynamics

European Commission
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The European Commission's anti-circumvention probe into Indonesia's stainless steel has impacted exports from Taiwan, Turkey, and Vietnam, as the EU takes preventive measures against potential tariff evasion, leading to decreased quota usage among these exporters.


The European steel market is feeling the ripple effects of an anti-circumvention investigation by the European Commission into cold-rolled stainless steel products originating from Indonesia. This probe has significantly altered the landscape of international trade, particularly affecting Taiwan, Turkey, and Vietnam.

Following the initiation of this investigation, the EU swiftly implemented registration measures for imported stainless steel products from the aforementioned countries. This action has led to a marked decrease in the quota utilization for these nations, signaling the EU's vigilant stance against any form of tariff evasion or circumvention.

The context of this investigation is Europe's current economic climate, characterized by high inflation and increasing interest rates. These conditions have dampened the enthusiasm of European steel buyers for imports. One contributing factor is the uncertainty engendered by the nine-month anti-circumvention investigation and the potential imposition of retroactive tariffs, as stated by members of the European Parliament.

Eurofer, the European Steel Association, has presented evidence to the European Commission suggesting that Indonesian stainless steel slabs and hot-rolled flat products were being redirected to Taiwan, Turkey, and Vietnam. There, the products would undergo further processing or assembly, yet the stainless steel originating from Indonesia would still constitute more than 60% of the value of the finished products exported to the EU.

This situation places significant pressure on the steel industries in Taiwan, Turkey, and Vietnam, as they navigate the complexities of the EU's trade regulations. The investigation not only affects their export volumes but also raises questions about the future of global steel trade patterns and the measures countries might take to protect their domestic industries.


The EU's anti-circumvention investigation into Indonesia's cold-rolled stainless steel exports underscores the complex interdependencies of the global steel market. The preventive measures taken have directly impacted steel exports from Taiwan, Turkey, and Vietnam, leading to a more cautious approach from European buyers. This development demonstrates the far-reaching effects of trade investigations and the need for transparency and compliance in international trade practices.

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