The Hindu Business Line reported that Gujarat’s Bhavnagar District port town Alang may soon become the hub for scrapping old vehicles as an inter-ministerial panel exploring the possibility of junking vehicles at Alang, following a presentation made to Prime Minister Narendra Modi for drafting a scrapping policy, has finalised its report. The government’s policy managers feel the plan would maximise Alang’s recycling potential and help use the cheap scrap steel extracted as an input for the manufacturing sector
The Ship Recycling Industries Association has backed the plan as this can double the steel scrap output to 5 million light displacement tonnage from the present 2 million LDT. SRIA official said “Every plot holder should be allotted a backyard plot of 10,000 square metres at nominal cost on a 99 year lease. If the backyard plot is allotted, we will set up shredders and other equipment for recycling of vehicles at our own cost.”
Alang beaches have become world's largest ship graveyard. The shipyards, more than 370 listed by Alang Today, at Alang recycle approximately 30% of all ships salvaged around the world. The yards are located on the Gulf of Khambat, 50 km southeast of Bhavnagar. Large super tankers, car ferries, container ships, and a dwindling number of ocean liners are beached during high tide, and as the tide recedes, hundreds of manual labourers move onto the beach to dismantle each ship, salvaging what they can and reducing the rest to scrap. The salvage yards at Alang have generated controversy about working conditions, workers' living conditions, and the impact on the environment.
The Central Pollution Control Board issued guidelines in April 2019 for environmentally sound management of collection, dismantling and shredding end of life vehicles.