SynopsisShip recycling is a crucial economic factor, especially in South Asia. However, it raises environmental and safety concerns. Germany leads the way in sustainable ship recycling, utilizing cold water cutting technology for emission-free dismantling. This innovation aligns with global guidelines like the Hong Kong Convention and EU Ship Recycling Regulation. Germany's commitment to eco-friendly ship recycling promotes not only worker safety but also supports the Green Steel movement by providing a sustainable source of steel from recycled ships.ArticleEvery year, seagoing vessels reach the end of their operational lives, prompting their dismantling and recycling into valuable raw materials. A staggering 90% of these ships meet their fate in dismantling facilities and recycling yards, primarily located in South Asia. In countries like Pakistan, Bangladesh, and India, ship recycling sustains thousands of jobs in shipyards and related service sectors. Crucially, the steel salvaged from these vessels serves as a vital raw material. In Bangladesh alone, approximately 80% of the country's steel demand relies on recycling yards, highlighting the economic significance of ship recycling, especially for countries securing their steel needs through this process.In the 21st century, there is a global push for environmentally friendly ship recycling practices that prioritize worker safety. International agreements like the Hong Kong Convention and the EU Ship Recycling Regulation advocate for improved ship recycling standards worldwide. Germany stands out as a pioneer in promoting sustainable ship recycling, aligning with these essential environmental and occupational safety measures. The nation has initiated pilot projects featuring cold water cutting technology, leading to sustainable, nearly emission-free ship recycling on a global scale.The Hong Kong Convention, established in 2009 by the International Maritime Organization, seeks to enhance environmentally sound ship recycling practices and safety conditions for shipbreaking yards and operations. It applies to all seagoing vessels with a gross tonnage of 500 or more and requires the creation of an inventory of hazardous materials for each ship. Additionally, recycling yards must obtain certification, ensuring compliance with environmental and safety standards. Although the Hong Kong Convention has not yet entered into force globally, Germany ratified it in 2019, demonstrating its commitment to sustainable ship recycling.In contrast, the European Union has taken a proactive stance with its EU Ship Recycling Regulation (EU-SSR), which has already become effective. This regulation mandates that ships engaged in international voyages, flying an EU flag, and exceeding 500 gross tonnage must be dismantled exclusively in EU-approved recycling yards. These yards must adhere to strict procedures aimed at reducing accidents and environmental risks. Key requirements include recyclability certificates, inventory certificates detailing hazardous materials, and approval from the respective flag state.Germany is leading the way in embracing sustainable ship recycling practices, capitalizing on the synergy between climate protection and steel production. Ship recycling promises to become a significant source of scrap metal for steel production. German shipyards are reactivated to breathe new life into the industry, emphasizing sustainable, environmentally friendly ship recycling, marked as "Ship Recycling 2.0." These shipyards employ water jet technology for dismantling, reducing fire hazards and eliminating CO₂ emissions during the cutting process.The benefits of this innovation extend to workers, the environment, and the steel industry. The recycled steel aligns with the Green Steel movement, focusing on sustainability. It ensures a secure supply of raw materials, sustainable steel production, and close proximity to suppliers. Germany's existing shipyard infrastructure is revitalized, creating a symbiotic relationship with steel mills that directly process the recycled scrap.ConclusionGermany's commitment to sustainable ship recycling through innovative technology sets a remarkable example for the global maritime industry. By embracing cold water cutting and adhering to international guidelines, Germany not only prioritizes worker safety and environmental protection but also contributes to the Green Steel movement. This approach ensures a sustainable source of steel while minimizing the carbon footprint. The future of ship recycling lies in eco-friendly practices that harmonize with the principles of sustainability and safety.