Bloomberg News reported that Russia’s reliance on foreign software to run its factories, farms and oil fields is turning into one of the biggest headaches for domestic industry as more IT providers pull out of the market in response to President Mr Vladimir Putin’s invasion of Ukraine. International sanctions and tensions over the war have forced industrial manufacturers from Siemens AG to SMS Group GmbH to wind down operations in what was once one of their biggest markets. Their computer programs might be missed more than their machines.Severstal’s Chief Information Officer Sergey Dunaev said in an interview “Foreign software is often baked directly into industrial machinery and controls high-precision processes. Equipment makers closely guard their intellectual property and in many cases don’t give clients access to the codes used to run their plants. In steelmaking, which can require accuracy within a few hundredths of a millimeter for high-value products, even small deviations can render output worthless.”According to the Russian Steel Association, Russian steel industry has invested about 3.2 trillion rubles (USD 59 billion) in the last two decades to rebuild capacity after its post-Soviet decline. Much of that was spent on equipment supplied by foreign companies like Siemens, SMS Group and Danieli & C Officine Meccaniche SpA to increase the sector’s efficiency.