Synopsis: Scientists have innovatively improved the plasma electrolytic treatment method, leading to increased wear resistance and hardness of stainless steel products. By introducing nitrogen, boron, and carbon solutions, they achieved notable enhancements in the steel's durability and strength, expanding its application spectrum.Article: Stainless steel has always been the go-to material for various industries, from food and chemical processing to heat power engineering. Its renowned qualities include high plasticity, thermal resistance, and corrosion resistance. Yet, a drawback has always been its relatively low hardness and durability. However, recent scientific advancements may change that narrative.A recent collaboration between Kostroma State University and Saint-Petersburg Academic University led to the enhancement of the plasma electrolytic treatment method. The core of this approach revolves around forming an oxide coating on a stainless steel sample's surface. This method, while effective, was previously challenging to regulate, making its widespread industrial application difficult.These innovative scientists introduced a game-changing twist: by immersing the steel in solutions containing nitrogen, boron, and carbon compounds, they significantly boosted the material's performance. For instance, nitridation, which involves the addition of nitrogen, enhanced the steel's wear resistance by a staggering 100 times and increased its hardness fivefold. Carbon addition had similar effects, doubling the hardness and amplifying wear resistance by the same magnitude.Interestingly, while boron didn't make the steel harder, it rendered its surface smoother and more resistant to wear. Different treatments also exhibited unique characteristics. Nitriding, for instance, made the steel's surface more uniform, reducing roughness by over three times.Professor Sergei Kusmanov, a key figure behind this research, highlighted the importance of a comprehensive approach when treating alloy steels like stainless steel. The focus shouldn't just be on enhancing a few attributes but ensuring that other vital characteristics aren't compromised. Elatedly, he announced plans to integrate this groundbreaking technology into production soon.Kusmanov's endeavors, alongside his team's dedication, have received financial backing from Russia's Ministry of Education. It's evident that such scientific breakthroughs are not only pivotal for the steel industry but also resonate with national interests, emphasizing the importance of scientific research and technological advancements.Conclusion: This groundbreaking research on stainless steel promises to revolutionize its application across various industries. By significantly enhancing its wear resistance and hardness without compromising other essential attributes, scientists have paved the way for a new era in steel utilization and production.