Steel Trade Woes: India's Balancing Act

Steel India
Steel IndiaImage Source: SteelGuru


India grapples with a steel trade imbalance as imports surpass exports, attributed to lower global steel prices and higher domestic rates. Consultations between the Ministry of Steel and industry players aim to address the surge in imports, potentially implementing WTO-compliant policies to curb alleged dumping from countries like China.


India, known as the world's second-largest steel producer, faces a challenging trade scenario in the alloy domain. Recent data reveals that between April and November this year, the country's steel imports escalated to 4.3 million metric tons, outstripping exports of 4 million metric tons, transitioning India into a net steel importer.

This shift in trade dynamics is accredited to contrasting steel prices: lower international rates favoring imports and elevated domestic prices, inhibiting exports. Industry executives attribute the surge in imports to alleged dumping by Chinese producers amid diminished demand within China, subsequently pressuring international steel prices and hindering India's competitiveness in key markets.

The Ministry of Steel held deliberations with industry leaders to deliberate on the predicament, urging stakeholders for data and insights. However, immediate responses from the ministry concerning these consultations remain pending.

Priyesh Ruparelia of Icra Ltd highlighted the pivotal role of high domestic prices in facilitating cheaper imports from countries like China and Vietnam, leading to India's transition into a net importer. He emphasized that during September and October, Chinese steel, particularly benchmark hot-rolled coils, were notably cheaper compared to domestic prices, prompting bulk orders from India-based dealers.

However, there seems to be a glimmer of hope on the horizon. Recent months witnessed a gradual decline in domestic steel prices coupled with an uptick in international rates, narrowing the price gap between imported and domestic steel. This development, experts believe, could mitigate India's steel trade deficit.

To counter alleged dumping, the domestic steel sector has urged the government to consider WTO-aligned measures. Discussions involve potential implementations like tariff rate quotas and stricter policies in antidumping investigations, aiming to safeguard India's steel industry against unfair trade practices.

Experts remain cautiously optimistic, anticipating a balance in the steel trade dynamics, thanks to the recent price shifts and proposed policy deliberations.


India's steel trade disparity calls for strategic interventions to protect the domestic steel industry. Amid consultations and considerations for WTO-compliant measures, the nation stands at a crucial juncture, striving to address the imbalance and ensure a fair and competitive steel market.

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