The Province of North Holland, the Dutch Ministry of Infrastructure & Water Management, the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs & Climate and Tata Steel Nederland have signed an Expression of Principles on sustainability. By 2030, Tata Steel Nederland wants to have its CO2 emissions reduced by 5 Megatons and by 2045 it wants to be CO2 neutral. Additional ambitions for improving the living environment have also been included in this new Expression of Principles. Although the Expression of Principles is not binding, this statement is indicative. The document serves as a framework for the customized agreement between the government and Tata Steel. This Expression of Principles determines the direction that will be further elaborated in the coming period in the binding customized agreements between Tata Steel and the government. In September 2021, Tata Steel decided to switch from underground storage of CO2 to the production of green steel with the Direct Reduced Iron production process. This process is more sustainable and cleaner than the current steel-making method, and uses green hydrogen for production. The transition to this steel-making method is complex, as the entire steel-making process has to be adapted and existing blast furnaces replaced. The amended Expression of Principles includes additional ambitions for reducing the company’s impact on the living environment. For example, it has been agreed that Tata Steel Nederland will conduct research into further improving the environmental and health situation prior to the transition in 2030. But also to investigate the possibility of the earlier closure of business activities, such as the Coking and Gas Plant 2 The government, the Province of North Holland and Tata Steel underline the importance of more sustainable and clean steel production for the Netherlands. In the Expression of Principles, the governments indicate that they are prepared to investigate how the plans and projects to transform the company into a more sustainable and clean steel plant can be supported. In addition to any necessary financial support, it also involves timely decision-making about permit applications and the realization of the necessary hydrogen infrastructure. Attention is also paid to the nitrogen issue.