Unfurling India's Hydrogen Epoch

National Green Hydrogen Mission
National Green Hydrogen MissionImage Source: SteelGuru


The Indian government has finalized plans for the National Green Hydrogen Mission, with pilot projects in steel, shipping, and road transport sectors. The Ministry of New & Renewable Energy (MNRE) has allocated $53 million for R&D to promote green hydrogen. New standards for Type IV hydrogen storage cylinders are also being established.


Big changes are on the horizon for India's energy sector. The National Green Hydrogen Mission has reached its final stages, paving the way for a cleaner, more sustainable energy landscape. Pilot projects across different sectors, like steel, shipping, and road transport, are already underway to explore the benefits of green hydrogen.

NRE is giving the mission a considerable financial push. The ministry recently allocated $53 million for research and development. This fund aims to promote the technology required to produce green hydrogen efficiently and make it commercially viable.

One of the mission's focus areas is to establish new standards for hydrogen storage cylinders, specifically Type IV cylinders. Compared to the current Type III cylinders used in India, Type IV cylinders are lighter and more efficient, which makes them ideal for vehicle applications.

For those unfamiliar, hydrogen storage cylinders come in various types, from Type I to Type IV. Type IV cylinders are fully wrapped composite cylinders with a plastic liner. They are the lightest option available and can withstand high pressures up to 1,000 bar, making them ideal for storing hydrogen in vehicles.

This move aligns India with global standards. In most parts of the world, Type IV cylinders are already prevalent. By making this switch, India will be in a better position to adopt green hydrogen technologies and integrate them into the existing infrastructure.

All these steps contribute to India's broader climate and energy goals. By investing in green hydrogen, the government is setting the stage for a sustainable future that lessens our dependence on fossil fuels and reduces greenhouse gas emissions.


The National Green Hydrogen Mission is a significant leap forward for India. With a financial allocation of $53 million for R&D and a focus on adopting efficient storage cylinders, India is preparing to make green hydrogen a cornerstone of its future energy landscape.

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