Within the labyrinthine corridors of the global economy, two titans emerge, wielding industrial prowess and paradoxical predicaments. Steel and cement, colossi of construction and fabrication, loom large as both architects and adversaries of our climate's sanctity. United in their enigmatic dance, they emit a staggering 16% of the world's greenhouse gases, forging an unsettling harmony that resonates across continents. Were they a sovereign entity, they would claim the ignominious title of the third-largest emitter, a paradoxical crown of environmental transgression.Dubbed the “hard-to-abate” sectors, these industries present a labyrinthine challenge, shrouding the path to carbon mitigation in shadows. Yet, the symphony of innovation, orchestrated by technology's virtuosity and policy's deft hand, has cast a transformative light upon these enclaves of carbon-laden creation. This luminous metamorphosis not only promises respite for our beleaguered environment but also conjures geopolitical tremors, as nations jostle for ascendancy in the realm of low-carbon solutions.Guided by this unfolding saga, one finds oneself at a crossroads of inquiry: What stratagems best befit the decarbonization odyssey of steel and cement? How substantial is the tapestry of progress thus far woven? And how do the nascent tendrils of low-carbon steel and cement trade sculpt the geopolitical landscape, etching new contours in international relations?In this chronicle's chapter, the spotlight turns to the sage Mr. Chris Bataille, an adjunct research fellow at the Columbia University’s esteemed Center on Global Energy Policy. His expertise, honed through meticulous study of the interplay between technology's promise and policy's intent, unveils pathways to the hallowed shores of net-zero ambitions. As an associate researcher at the Institute for Sustainable Development and International Relations, and an adjunct professor at Simon Fraser University, Bataille epitomizes the convergence of scholarly rigor and pragmatic pursuit.Lauded for his contribution to the hallowed tome of knowledge, the IPCC 6th Assessment Report, Bataille stands as a sentinel of informed action. In conversation with the host, Jason Bordoff, the tableau of decarbonization prospects for steel and cement unfurls, casting light upon the nascent horizon where eco-advocacy and industrial exigencies intersect. As the symposium of transformation continues, Bataille's insights illuminate a path forward, a beacon amidst the intricate tapestry of environmental reformation.