German Steel Industry Association Wirtschaftsvereinigung Stahl has released a report on steel scrap foreign trade in 2021, which includes in a condensed form the key figures in the categories of production, scrap volume and use as well as foreign trade, on the basis of which structural changes on the steel scrap markets can be made visible. The data relates primarily to Germany. The report shows that more and more material is flowing out of the EU to third countries as net exports rose to 14.0 million tonnes in 2021 as compared to 7.2 million tonnes in 2016.W Stahl said “The steel industry in Germany alone uses around 20 million tonnes of steel and iron scrap every year to manufacture new products. Scrap is therefore a central and sustainable raw material for steel production. With a view to the conversion of C02-intensive manufacturing processes to hydrogen-based technologies, the electric steel route will play a major role in the future. In this context, it is worrying that more and more material is flowing out of the EU to third countries.”Total Export - 19.43 million tonne, up 11% YoYTurkey - 13.06 million tonne, up 11% YoYEgypt\t - 1.82 million tonne, up 68% YoYPakistan - 0.81 million tonne, down 13% YoYUS - 0.60 million tonne, down 4% YoYSwitzerland - 0.56 million tonne, up 16% YoYIndia - 0.53\tmillion tonne, down 22% YoYMoldova - 0.35 million tonne, up 38% YoYMorocco - 0.33 million tonne, up 63% YoYUK - 0.33 million tonne, down 25% YoYNorway - 0.30 million tonne, down 7% YoYRest - 0.74 million tonne, up 13% YoYTotal Imports - 5.45 million tonne, up 32% YoYUK - 1.72 million tonne, up 30% YoYSwitzerland - 0.80 million tonne, up 2% YoYUS - 0.55 million tonne, up 107% YoYNorway - 0.50 million tonne, down 3% YoYRussia - 0.36 million tonne, up 2% YoYVenezuela - 0.25 million tonne, up 748% YoYCanada - 0.19 million tonne, up 304% YoYLebanon - 0.18 million tonne, down 8% YoYTurkey - 0.16 million tonne, up 99% YoYBosnian Herzegovina - 0.14 million tonne, up 65% YoYRest - 0.62 million tonne, up 35% YoYThe use of secondary raw materials contributes enormously to reducing the use of primary raw materials. The proportion of steel scrap used in steel production in Germany has increased significantly since the early 1990s to currently more than 43%.