World Trade Organization’s Dispute Settlement Body has established a panel on 27 September, as requested by Japan, regarding China’s measure imposing anti-dumping duties on stainless steel products from Japan. In July 2019, China started imposing anti-dumping duties on stainless steel products imported from Japan, the Republic of Korea, Indonesia, and the EU, claiming that its domestic industry is being injured by the dumped imports of such products.Japan considers the AD measure to be inconsistent with the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994 due to flaws in the Chinese authorities’ determination and its investigation procedures. Japan has repeatedly asked China to abolish the AD measure at the WTO and in bilateral meetings. Japan requested consultations with China under the WTO Agreement on June 11, 2021. Japan and China held such consultations on July 19, 2021. However, as the dispute was not settled through the consultations, Japan subsequently requested the establishment of a panel under the WTO Agreement.Japan will pursue an appropriate solution on this issue in accordance with the rules under the WTO Agreement.The total value of exports of stainless steel from Japan to China is approximately 70 billion yen per year, of which exports of the products subject to the AD measure account for approximately 9.2 billion yen (both figures as of 2019).